Glossary of Actions/Properties

Analgesic - substance that relieves pain
Anaphrodisiac - substance that reduces libido (usually in males)
Antibacterial - agent that destroys bacteria; bactericide
Antiallergenic - substance that tones down the allergic response
Antianemic - substance that prevents or corrects anaemia (that is a reduction in the number of circulating, red blood cells or in the quantity of haemoglobin)
Antibiotic - kills or injures bacteria
Anticonvulsive - substance that tends to prevent or arrest seizures (convulsions)
Antidepressant - substance that alleviates depression
Antidote - counteract a form of poisoning i.e. with insect bites or stings
Antifungal - substance that inhibits the growth of or destroys fungi
Antigalactagogue - agent for suppressing lactation
Antihistamine - used to help control symptoms that are caused by health conditions associated with allergic reactions
Anti-infectious - suppresses infection
Anti-inflammatory - substance that reduces inflammation
Antimalarial - agent to ease symptoms of malaria
Antineuralgic - stops nerve pain
Antioxidant - substance that protects against oxidation and free radical damage
Antiphlogistic - reducing inflammation or fever
Antirheumatic - substance that prevents or relieves rheumatic symptoms
Antiseborrhoeic - preventing or relieving excessive secretion of sebum
Antiseptic - agent for inhibiting the growth of microorganism on living tissue or destroying pathogenic or putrefactive bacteria
Antispasmodic - agent which relieves or eases muscular spasms, cramps or convulsions
Antiviral - substance that inhibits the growth of or destroys viruses
Aphrodisiac - substance that stimulates sexual desire or libido
Appeasing - to satisfy or relieve
Aromatic - a substance having an agreeable odor and stimulating qualities
Astringent - substance that tends to shrink or constrict body tissues
Bactericidal - agent that destroys bacteria
Balsamic – soothing substance having the qualities of a balsam
Calmative - substance that relieves flatulence and soothes intestinal spasm and pain, usually by relaxing intestinal muscle and sphincters
Cholagogue - substance that increases the release of stored bile from the gallbladder
Cicatrisant - helps formation of scar tissue
Corrective - restoring to a healthy state
Decongestant - agent which relieves or reduces congestion
Deodorant – agent used to inhibit or mask unpleasant odors
Depurative - helps to purify the blood, detoxifying.
Diaphoretic - substance that controls a fever often by promoting sweating. They are also known as sudorifics
Disinfectant - agent that cleanses infection by destroying or inhibiting the activity of disease-producing micro-organisms
Diuretic - substance that increases urinary output
Emmenagogue - substance that initiates and promotes the menstrual flow.
Expectorant - agent that promotes the discharge of mucous and secretions from the respiratory passages, i.e. loosens phlegm in the respiratory passages
Febrifuge - substance that reduces or prevents fever
Fungicidal - destroying fungal infections
Hepatic - stimulates and aids function of liver and gall bladder
Hypotensive - lowers blood pressure
Immono-stimulant – substances that stimulate the immune system
Insecticide - kills insects
Nervine - substance that improves the tone, vigour and function of the nervous system
Rubefacient - mild substance that produces a superficial inflammation of the skin in order to relieve a deeper inflammation e.g. in muscles, joints and ligaments
Stimulant - agent that excites or quickens the functional activity of the tissues giving more energy 
Stomachic - digestive aid and tonic, improving appetite
Sudorific - increases perspiration
Tonic - substance that improves the tone, vigour and function of the whole body. Tonics can give a boost in energy
Vasoconstrictor - substance that constricts or narrows the blood vessels
Vermifuge - substance that kills or assists in the expulsion of intestinal worms
Vulnerary - substance that promotes the healing of wounds when applied locally

Important Note: The information provided is intended for educational purposes only and is not considered complete or guaranteed to be accurate.

General Safety Information: Do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes or other concentrated essences directly onto the skin. Do not take any essential oils internally without consultation from a qualified Aromatherapist or medical practitioner. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, only use essential oils under the proper guidance of a qualified Aromatherapist or medical practitioner. Essential Oils are not intended to treat or cure serious medical conditions; there is no substitute for a consultation with a competent physician for any matters regarding your health, or anyone else. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give children only the gentlest oils at extremely low doses. We recommend it is safer to consult a qualified Aromatherapist or medical practitioner before using essential oils with children. When using for the first time patch test on a small area of skin. If irritation occurs, discontinue use. The information provided is not intended to replace medical diagnosis or treatment.